Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment in Singapore

What is prostate cancer

The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. It makes semen that carries sperm. The walnut size gland is located beneath the bladder and surrounds the upper part of the urethra which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder.

Prostate cancer is usually a very slow growing cancer, often causing no symptoms until it is in an advanced stage. Most men with prostate cancer die of other causes, and many never know that they have the disease. But once prostate cancer begins to grow quickly or spreads outside the prostate, it is dangerous.

Prostate Cancer

Warning signs and symptoms

Most patients with prostate cancer have no symptoms.

For some man they may have

Symptoms are not always present in the early stages.

Prostate Cancer

Test & Diagnoses

THE PSA TEST: Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is a protein produced within the prostate gland and is secreted into seminal fluid. Total PSA include several sub types of PSA, for example,

THE DIGITAL RECTAL EXAM

In a Digital Rectal Exam {DRE), your doctor will feel the size and shape of the prostate by inserting a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum. The area where most prostate cancers are found can be felt during this test.

RISK FACTORS

There is no single cause of prostate cancer. However, some factors make developing prostate cancer more likely.
The PSA test is a blood test, taken from the arm, which measures the amount of PSA protein in the blood.

AGE

The chance of getting prostate cancer rises quickly after a man reaches age 50. Age is the most important risk factor for prostate cancer.

RACE

Prostate cancer is more common in men in Africa or Caribbean descent and less common in men of Asian.

FAMILY HISTOR Y & GENES

The risk of prostate cancer increases if close family members have had the disease.

DIET

Men who eat a low-fiber, high-fat diet have a higher rate of prostate cancer. Research suggests that saturated increases the production of hormone testosterone, which may help prostate cancer cells grow.

LIFESTYLE

Having a high Body Mass Index (BMI) may increase the risk of prostate cancer. Consuming lycopene (found in tomato products), soy, green tea and cruciferous vegetables (such as broccoli), among other foods, may help to prevent prostate cancer.

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